History of the Contemporany World (1945-1991)

The History of the Present Word, or Post-IIWW is that which includes the period included in the Cold War: in 1945 with the end of World War II and in 1991 with the fall of the Soviet Union.
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| 24/05/2019 | Last update:



World War II had major consequences in the world. Geopolitical alliances were redrawed and a block division was established for many decades where the two winning allies of the war (United States and the Soviet Union) were confronted. The United States and the Soviet Union represented two totally different worlds. The Americans, representatives of the free market economy, headed the NATO block, where there were the main European countries. The Soviet Union, represented the communist system and gathered within the Warsaw Pact the countries that had remained under its controlling orbit, Eastern Europe. This division in two blocks, started in 1947, lasted until 1991 and established the bases of a historical stage that has been called "the Cold War", a tactical confrontation between the USSR and the United States , with their respective allies. It was an undeclared confrontation, without military offensives, based on the mutual threat (including the development of atomic bombs) and in the attempt to expand the respective areas of influence. In this course of Cold War History, we propose a careful look at the political and economic development of Western countries (allies of the United States of America) from the end of World War II at the beginning of the 90s of the 20th century.

Articles of the course: History of the Contemporary World (1945-1991)

The WWII Peace Conferences
The WWII Peace Conferences

The Peace Conferences were held with the participation of the Allied countries after 1941 to discuss the organization of the world after the Second World War.

The ideological, economic and military framework of the Cold War
The ideological, economic and military framework of the Cold War

After World War II, the United States of America built the argument that the world had been split into two antagonistic blocks.

McCarthyism and the Persecution of Inner Enemies in the Cold War
McCarthyism and the Persecution of Inner Enemies in the Cold War

Throughout the Cold War, the two antagonistic blocks had to ensure their hegemony. Dissidents on both sides became the enemy within.