History of Catalonia
Approaching the study of the ancient world of Catalonia, in the roots of Catalonia, means knowing and understanding the societies of antiquity that were developed in the area that we currently call Catalonia. A very broad chronological period in which different societies settled in this territory and where much of the most important ancient civilizations played a leading role.
A tour of 30 chapters for the history of Catalonia, from its origins to the present. Let's review the most significant events in the history of this country, a country of passage and border for many civilizations that have been established over the centuries.
The vast historical period of the Middle Ages of Catalonia includes a long and diverse stage. Following the traditional canons, the Middle Age begins in 417 with the disappearance of the Roman Empire of the West and ends in 1492 with the discovery of America. The political vacuum left by the Roman Empire was occupied, on the Iberian Peninsula by the Visigoth kingdom. It was then that Barcino, now Barcelona, became his episcopal headquarters and acquired some notoriety. But the Arab invasion of the peninsula led to a period of nearly 100 years of Muslim rule, until Charlemagne organized conquest campaigns in Girona and Barcelona. A series of counties of obedience to the Carolingian Empire were established, but over time they were detached from the Franks and became independent de facto. As of that moment, the Catalan counties progressively achieve their own legal personality, associated with a specific geographic context. From the 11th to 12th centuries the splendor of Medieval Catalonia began and the centuries of maximum territorial expansion for the Mediterranean.
This is a Course on the History of Catalonia in the 20th century with open and free access, which explores the main events and events that took place throughout the 20th century in Catalonia. The article collection starts with the establishment of the Bourbon Restoration regime in 1874 and it is until the restoration of the autonomous regime and the first elections to Parliament in 1980. It is a period full of historic events of the first magnitude by the country: the first steps of political Catalanism, the birth of workers as an organized social movement that will lead to mobilize thousands of workers, the attainment of political autonomy during the Second Republic, the outbreak of the civil war and the dictatorship and finally the restoration of democracy and the government of the Generalitat.