Contemporary History of Europe includes a period of maximum social, political and economic tensions. The break with the Old Regime and the expansion of capitalism and imperialism marked the nineteenth century. The tragedies caused by the two world wars are the protagonists of the history of the 20th century.
20/07/2020| 24/05/2019 | Last update:
The crisis of the Old Regime led to the transformation of political, economic and social structures. The liberal revolutions extended in the main countries of the continent.
The Napoleonic era comprises a period of 15 years, in which Napoleon Bonaparte extended his Empire throughout Europe.
The Congress of Vienna was the conference that brought together the greatest powers in Europe at the time.
In the nineteenth century there were profound social, economic and political changes that marked the beginning of modernity in Europe and in its colonial possessions.
Liberalism and nationalism has been the two ideologies that marked the social, political, economic and cultural transformations throughout the nineteenth century. Since the fall of the Old Regime and the establishment of parliamentary regimes in North America and Western Europe until the triumph of industrialization and capitalism, as well as the configuration of the new […]
Europe lived several revolutionary cycles during the first half of the nineteenth century, among the most important in 1820, 1830 and 1848. The various revolutionary cycles that occurred in Europe during the first half of the nineteenth century— among the most important in 1820, in 1830 and 1848— had liberalism, nationalism, and democratic radicalism as […]
Industrial capitalism is a new phase of the capitalist economic system, which develops throughout the nineteenth century.
The new system of balance of power between the different European powers was devised by German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck.
Imperialism was a mainly European phenomenon led by Great Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Russia and Italy, but the United States of America and Japan also played a prominent role.
The First World War was the first global war, which took place mainly in Europe and the Middle East between 1914 and 1918.
Among the most important consequences of the First World War, the most tragic was the death of 12 million people, in addition to being the first war in which the civilian population was bombed.
The new world configuration after World War I was decided by the Allied Powers. Once the war was over, there were several events of great relevance to interwar Europe.
The First World War opened a new historical period in Europe: that of communist and social democratic revolutions. The revolutionary response to the war had as its main focus Russia in 1917 and Germany in 1918.
The twenty years separating the two world wars (1918-1939) marked one of the most politically and economically unstable times for the European continent.
Fascism was a nationalist and dictatorial ideology, born in Italy after the World War I. It took power with the march on Rome in 1922.
Lenin's death in 1924 brought to power Joseph Stalin and the imposition of its Marxism-Leninism version as the official ideology in the USSR.
Adolf Hitler's rise to power in Germany and the end of the economic boom of the 1920s opened the door to questioning the peace of Versailles.