World War II had major consequences in the world. Geopolitical alliances were redrawn and a block division was established for many decades where the two winning allies of the war (United States and the Soviet Union) were confronted. The United States and the Soviet Union represented two totally different worlds. The Americans, representatives of the free market economy, headed the NATO block, where there were the main European countries. The Soviet Union, represented the communist system and gathered within the Warsaw Pact the countries that had remained under its controlling orbit, Eastern Europe. This division in two blocks, started in 1947, lasted until 1991 and established the bases of a historical stage that has been called "the Cold War", a tactical confrontation between the USSR and the United States, with their respective allies. It was an undeclared confrontation, without military offensives, based on the mutual threat (including the development of atomic bombs) and in the attempt to expand the respective areas of influence. In this course of Cold War History, we propose a careful look at the political and economic development of Western countries (allies of the United States of America) from the end of World War II at the beginning of the 90s of the 20th century.
Course articles: History of the Contemporary World (1945-1991)
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