History of Catalonia

The history of Catalonia encompasses a period of more than 2000 years and that begins during Classical Antiquity with the arrival of the first Greek and Phoenician peoples in the Catalan territory.
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| 29/05/2019 | Last update:


History of Catalonia (Ancient Age)
History of Catalonia (Ancient Age)

Approaching the study of the ancient world of Catalonia, in the roots of Catalonia, means knowing and understanding the societies of antiquity that were developed in the area that we currently call Catalonia. A very broad chronological period in which different societies settled in this territory and where much of the most important ancient civilizations played a leading role.

History of Catalonia (Middle Ages)
History of Catalonia (Middle Ages)

The vast historical period of the Middle Ages of Catalonia includes a long and diverse stage. Following the traditional canons, the Middle Age begins in 417 with the disappearance of the Roman Empire of the West and ends in 1492 with the discovery of America. The political vacuum left by the Roman Empire was occupied, on the Iberian Peninsula by the Visigoth kingdom. It was then that Barcino, now Barcelona, ​​became his episcopal headquarters and acquired some notoriety. But the Arab invasion of the peninsula led to a period of nearly 100 years of Muslim rule, until Charlemagne organized conquest campaigns in Girona and Barcelona. A series of counties of obedience to the Carolingian Empire were established, but over time they were detached from the Franks and became independent de facto. As of that moment, the Catalan counties progressively achieve their own legal personality, associated with a specific geographic context. From the 11th to 12th centuries the splendour of Medieval Catalonia began and the centuries of maximum territorial expansion for the Mediterranean.

Early Modern History of Catalonia (15-18th century)
Early Modern History of Catalonia (15-18th century)

In the respective kingdoms that made up the former Crown of Aragon, including the Prince of Catalonia, the Habsburg dynasty reigned, the first of which was Emperor Charles V. The Principality of Catalonia maintained all its own institutions, until the Nueva Planta Decrees in 1714. However, a part of the territory was amputated: 1659, by the Treaty of the Pyrenees, the regions of Roussillon, Capcir, Conflent and Vallespir and a part of Cerdanya were given to the kingdom of France.

History of Catalonia (19th century)
History of Catalonia (19th century)

The 19th century was characterized by profound changes in the country's political, economic and social system. Politically, the foundations of the new liberal state were created. It was the century of the country's industrialization, especially in the textile sector.

History of Catalonia (20th century)
History of Catalonia (20th century)

This is a Course on the History of Catalonia in the 20th century with open and free access, which explores the main events and events that took place throughout the 20th century in Catalonia. The article collection starts with the establishment of the Bourbon Restoration regime in 1874 and it is until the restoration of the autonomous regime and the first elections to Parliament in 1980. It is a period full of historic events of the first magnitude by the country: the first steps of political Catalanism, the birth of workers as an organized social movement that will lead to mobilize thousands of workers, the attainment of political autonomy during the Second Republic, the outbreak of the civil war and the dictatorship and finally the restoration of democracy and the government of the Generalitat.

History of Catalonia (origins-1980)
History of Catalonia (origins-1980)

A tour of 30 chapters for the history of Catalonia, from its origins to the present. Let's review the most significant events in the history of this country, a country of passage and border for many civilizations that have been established over the centuries.


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