London, the capital of the former British Empire

London, the capital of the United Kingdom, was for a long time the centre of the world's most important Empire.
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| 29/07/2020 | Last update:


The City of London was for nearly four centuries the capital of the most powerful Empire in the world. London was the centre of a vast empire that stretched across every continent. As such, the English city had many inhabitants and the presence of people from all its possessions. The city’s political, military and economic strength was reflected in all areas of daily life.

Founded by the Romans with the name of Londinium more than two thousand years ago, the original nucleus of the Roman enclave coincides with the current district of the City. The City is today one of the most important financial centres in the world.

El barri de la City de Londres.
The City of London district, the financial heart of the British capital.
Image: Elliot Fernandez

London is a global city. It is one of the hubs of arts and commerce. The city has many universities. It is the undisputed goal of entertainment, fashion, finance and media. It is the world’s leading financial centre. London is also a world cultural capital.

What to visit in London?

The capital has four World Heritage Sites:

El Tower Bridge
The Tower Bridge – Image: Elliot Fernandez

Other spaces that are very popular with visitors are:

The city also has numerous museums, art galleries and libraries. It is also home to numerous sporting events.

London has many prestigious cultural institutions such as:

The London Underground, which will be 150 years old in 2013, is the oldest in the world.

The city in the Contemporary era

The city was expanding, especially during the so-called Victorian era. The 19th century coincided with the explosion and expansion of the Industrial Revolution and the height of imperialist colonization.

In 1825 London became the most populated city in the world, a characteristic that it would retain for a century. During the Second World War the British capital suffered intense bombardments known as the blitz by the forces of Nazi Germany.


Places of interest:

Place Type Year of foundation
London-Gatwick AirportPublic building1933
British LibraryMuseum1973
British MuseumMuseum1753
Saint Paul's CathedralChurch1675
Liverpool Street stationPublic building1874
Science MuseumMuseum1857
National Maritime MuseumMuseum1937
The Royal Observatory of GreenwichPublic building1675
Greenwich ParkGarden and park1433
Palace of Westminster (House of Commons and House of Lords)Public building1215
Regent's ParkGarden and park1845
Somerset HouseMuseum1776
St. Martin in the FieldsChurch1722
Tate ModernMuseum2000
The National GalleryMuseum1824
Victoria and Albert MuseumMuseum1852