Category: Medieval History in Europe

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The Western Schism (1378-1417)

Between 1378 and 1417, the Church experienced a period of crisis that saw up to three rival popes vying for recognition and legitimacy in Christendom.
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Peasant revolts and urban conflicts in the Late Middle Ages

In the Lower Middle Ages, the crisis caused unrest and revolts throughout Europe, especially in the 14th century, when peasant revolts and social unrest spread to the continent’s main cities.
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Economic and social effects of the crisis of the Late Middle Ages

The crisis of poor harvests at the beginning of the 14th century, together with the arrival of the Black Death, led to the crisis of the late Middle Ages. It lasted until the 15th century.
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The crisis of the Late Middle Ages

Between the late 13th and the 14th century, Europe experienced a period of overall crisis. The first symptoms of this decline were poor harvests, plague epidemics and wars.
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The Question of Medieval Growth (11th — 13th century)

The development of Feudalism in the 11th-13th centuries became possible as a result of population and economic growth in Europe.
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The Hundred Years’ War (1337 – 1453)

The Hundred Years’ War was a lengthy war between the House of Plantagenet in England and the House of Valois in France.
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The origin of the Feudal Monarchies

The disappearance of the Frankish Kingdom in Western Europe made way for a multitude of feudal-type monarchies, where the figure of the monarch did not disappear but underwent significant changes.
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Christianity, a universal institution for the feudal order

The High Middle Ages corresponded to the consolidation of the Church as a universal institution. The union between the royal power and the Church proved to be actually important during this period.
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Medieval cities under feudalism and commercial expansion

Until the feudal revolution of the 11th-12th centuries in Europe, we can only find important cities in the Byzantine Empire and the Muslim territories.
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The origins of the new Feudal system

During the period between the 8th and 10th centuries a progressive transformation of the economic and social structures in Western Europe took place, which would have contributed to the subsequent feudal revolution.