The historical period known as the Ancient Age is the period between the birth of writing and the fall of the Roman Empire in 476. It is the first period historically. It includes a very long period and also in the territorial extension, because it is based on the areas of Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Greek and Hellenistic world to end up in the immense Roman Empire. It can be characterized as the era of the birth of cities, social specialization, the birth of most of today's sciences and arts and a huge demographic expansion that led to the creation of great empires. It must not be forgotten that in the same dates a town can still live in prehistory (or protohistory) and another has evolved a lot. The most abundant political regime is the monarchy. Commerce arises as such, with the emergence of the currency and the great routes of exchange.
Articles of the course: Ancient history in Europe and the Middle East
The history of the old Mesopotamia is documented from 10000 BC to 637 AD (Muslim conquest). The most important period is, however, that which goes from 3100 to 538 BC, during which it was the birthplace of three civilizations: Sumerian, Babylonian and Assyrian.
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